Saturday, May 6, 2017

What Are the Commonwealth Countries? Map of the Commonwealth of Nations

This map and explainer will be updated whenever there's a change in Commonwealth membership, including suspensions and reinstatements. You can find news articles about each change by scrolling to the bottom of this page, or by viewing all Commonwealth articles on PolGeoNow.

The Commonwealth: Who belongs to it? Map of current and former member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations (British Commonwealth) as of May 2017 (colorblind accessible).
Map by Evan Centanni, modified from public domain blank world map
(Subscribers click here to view this article in the members area.)

Article by Evan Centanni

What is the Commonwealth of Nations?

The Commonwealth of Nations (formerly the "British Commonwealth") is a loose association of countries that grew out of the British Empire as its colonies transitioned into independent countries during the 20th Century. It more or less took its modern form in 1949, but its history goes back at least to 1926, when the most Westernized colonies of the British Empire were transitioning towards independence. It's mostly a casual forum for cooperation between countries that used to be British colonies or dependencies (though some other countries have joined), and has a charter promoting values like world peace, democracy, and human rights.

Flag of the Commonwealth of NationsOrganization Name:  
• Commonwealth of Nations
Founded: 1931 and 1949 in London, UK
Headquarters: London, UK

What does the Commonwealth Do?

Unlike the European Union, World Trade Organization, and many other prominent intergovernmental organizations, the Commonwealth isn't built around any kind of trade agreement or economic treaty, though its member countries do tend to favor trading with each other. Instead, it's mostly a framework for promoting democracy and human rights, raising money for economic development, and nurturing cultural ties between its member countries.

Commonwealth-wide organizations coordinate international cooperation on education, professional development, and most famously sports: The Olympics-style Commonwealth Games are held every four years as a symbol of friendship between countries with historical ties to each other.

Which Countries are in the Commonwealth?

Today there are 52 countries in the world who are Commonwealth nations, all of them independent countries that also have membership in the UN. Participation in the Commonwealth is completely voluntary, and a member country can leave or reapply whenever it wants.

In the history of the Commonwealth, four countries have quit the organization. Founding member Ireland left in 1949 when it broke ties with the British monarchy and became a republic, at a time when the Commonwealth was still only for semi-independent "Dominions" under the crown. Three more countries - Zimbabwe, the Gambia, and the Maldives - all left in the last fifteen years after being accused of disrespecting democracy or human rights.

Four more countries aren't Commonwealth members today simply because they don't exist anymore: In 1949, semi-independent Newfoundland merged with Canada; in 1963, Malaya merged with Singapore, Sarawak, and North Borneo to form Malaysia (with Singapore splitting off again two years later and joining the Commonwealth separately); and in 1964 Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form Tanzania. All the new countries that resulted from those mergers are now Commonwealth members themselves.

Which Commonwealth countries is the queen head of? Map of current and former Commonwealth Realms - independent countries that share the British monarchy.
Map of the Commonwealth Realms: independent countries that share Queen Elizabeth II as their head of state

The Commonwealth and the Queen

It's a common misconception that all Commonwealth countries recognize the British Queen as their leader. Although Queen Elizabeth II is the official "Head of the Commonwealth" for now, more than half of member countries don't recognize any king or queen in their own constitutions.

All Commonwealth members today are completely independent countries. However, 16 of them do each recognize the queen as their official leader. These countries are a subset of the Commonwealth known as the "Commonwealth Realms".

Learn More: Which Commonwealth Countries is the Queen Head Of?

Commonwealth News on Political Geography Now

Political Geography Now gives you ongoing coverage of all changes to Commonwealth membership, including suspensions and reinstatements. News articles about these changes, as well as other features related to the Commonwealth, are listed here:

Map of current and former member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations (British Commonwealth) as of May 2017, showing where the Maldives are on the world map after the country left the organization (colorblind accessible).Maldives Withdraws from the Commonwealth
The small Indian Ocean country of the Maldives chose to exit the Commonwealth in October 2016 after being threatened with suspension.

Full map and article

Map of current and former member countries of the Commonwealth of Nations (British Commonwealth) as of 2014, marking the Gambia, which withdrew from the organization in 2013 (colorblind accessible).The Gambia Withdraws from the Commonwealth
In October 2013, the eccentric ruler of the Gambia, a tiny country in West Africa, withdrew unexpectedly from the Commonwealth, complaining of "neo-colonialism".

Full map and article

Which Commonwealth countries is the queen head of? Map of current and former Commonwealth Realms - independent countries that share the British monarchy.Queen Elizabeth's 16 Countries: The Commonwealth Realms
How can 16 of the Commonwealth countries all share the same queen, but still be independent? Which countries are they? Find all the answers in this popular PolGeoNow feature!

Full map and article

Graphic of the Commonwealth flag is displayed under fair use principles (source).