|Map by Evan Centanni, based on these two blank maps by Nord-NordWest. License: CC BY-SA|
Serbia and the breakaway Republic of Kosovo reached a landmark deal on Friday to normalize their relations, partially compromising on several contentious issues between the two governments in southeastern Europe. Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia in 2008, but due to Serbia's opposition it has still not achieved full international recognition.
Status Change for North Kosovo
North Kosovo is the largest of several areas within Kosovo where the majority of people are part of the Serb ethnic group, whereas 90% of people in Kosovo as a whole are ethnically Albanian. When Kosovo split from Serbia, many Serbs in the north refused to go, governing themselves separately from Kosovo and choosing instead to continue cooperating with and accepting government funding from Serbia.
|Territory Name: |
• North Kosovo (English)
• Severno Kosovo (Serbian)
• Kosova Veriore (Albanian)
• Republic of Kosovo
Actual Control: Local pro-Serbia groups, foreign peacekeepers
Status: No official status
Capital: Kosovska Mitrovica (de facto)
Country Name: |
• Kosovo (English, Serbian)
• Kosova (Albanian)
• Republic of Kosovo (English)
• Republika e Kosovës (Albanian)
• Republika Kosovo (Serbian)
Status: Partially recognized; claimed by Serbia
The Holy Grail for Kosovo would have been official diplomatic recognition of its independence from Serbia. However, the agreement stopped short of Serbia calling Kosovo an independent country. Kosovo's Prime Minister has claimed that the deal counts as recognition anyway, but Serbia has emphatically denied this.
Kosovo is recognized as independent by about half of all the world's countries, including the majority of the EU and NATO, but opposition from Serbia and Russia has kept it locked out of the UN. For a current map of all of the countries that recognize Kosovo, see Kosovo Recognition Update: April 2103.
Article by Evan Centanni. Kosovo flag graphic by Cradel (source) (CC BY-SA).